Brazil’s Congress is accelerating a genocidal ‘death package’ bill, PL191, in order to open Indigenous lands to mining – an activity that’s banned in the Constitution. According to Indigenous leaders, «It will destroy our forest and contaminate the animals and fish and our sacred soil and waters.» Indigenous peoples protested in front of the STF (Supreme Federal Court) in Brasilia calling on the lawmakers: «Don’t legalize the theft of our land and the death of our children!»


Indigenous people brandishing the Brazilian Constitution

In a previous legal attack against Indigenous rights last year, Brazil’s Supreme Court Minister Edson Fachin cast his vote to reject the “time frame thesis” and in favor of Indigenous peoples’ rights. 

Fachin stated: «There is no greater legal certainty than complying with the Constitution,» rebutting the ruralist argument that demarcations without a «time frame» generate legal uncertainty.

In his vote, Fachin defended that Indigenous constitutional rights cannot be set back, «since these rights are linked to the very condition of existence of these communities and their way of life.»

He rejected interpretations that try to equate Indigenous ownership and civil ownership, as the time frame thesis does. «Indigenous lands», he said, «are broader than ‘a set of huts’; they comprise all the territory necessary for the existence of the peoples.»

Indigenous people followed the court proceedings last year on a screen in front of the Federal Supreme Court

He added that «Land for the Indigenous people has no commercial value, as in the private sense of civil possession. It is a relationship of identity, which includes spirituality and existence, and it is possible to affirm that there is no Indigenous community without land.»

Fachin reinforced the sense of «exclusive usufruct», which the Bolsonaro government is trying so hard to subvert: it means the impossibility of granting, in any way, the riches of the soils, rivers and lakes to third parties outside the indigenous community.

Minister Fachin: «The constitutional protection of the original rights over the lands they traditionally occupy is independent of the existence of a time frame on October 5, 1988.»


Thousands of native women from 150 Indigenous nations marched in Brasilia to defend their rights

Minister Fachin proposed correcting the thesis:

«The Indigenous territorial rights are a fundamental right of the Indigenous communities and they materialize in the original right on the lands they traditionally occupy, under the following assumptions:

I – demarcation consists of a declaratory procedure of the original territorial right to possession of lands traditionally occupied by the Indigenous community;

II – traditional Indigenous ownership is distinct from civil ownership, consisting in the occupation of lands inhabited on a permanent basis by the Indigenous peoples, those used for their productive activities, those essential to the preservation of environmental resources necessary for their well-being…

III – the constitutional protection of the original rights over the lands they traditionally occupy does not depend on the existence of a time frame on October 5, 1988, as there is no basis for the establishment of any time frame;

IV – the constitutional protection of the original rights over the lands they traditionally occupy is independent of the configuration of the persistent dispossession as a physical conflict or persistent judicial controversy at the time of the promulgation of the Constitution;

V – the anthropological report carried out under the terms of Decree No. 1776/1996 is a fundamental element for demonstrating the traditionality of the occupation of a determined Indigenous community, according to its uses, customs and traditions;

VI – the resizing of Indigenous land is not prohibited in case of non-compliance with the elements contained in article 231 of the Constitution of the Republic, by means of a demarcation procedure under the terms of the governing rules;

VII – the lands of traditional Indigenous occupation are permanently owned by the community, with the Indigenous peoples having the exclusive use of the riches of the soil, rivers and lakes existing in them;

VIII – lands of traditional Indigenous occupation, as public lands, are inalienable, unavailable and the rights over them are imprescriptible;

IX – are null and void, with no legal effects, the acts that have as their object the possession, domain or occupation of lands of traditional Indigenous occupation, or the exploitation of the riches of the soil, rivers and lakes existing in them…

X – there is compatibility between the traditional occupation of Indigenous lands and the constitutional protection of the environment.»


The future of the Indigenous peoples of Brazil is at stake

Indigenous lawyers Samara Pataxó, Luiz Eloy Terena and Ivo Aureliano Makuxi summarized the vote :

« Nunes Marques vote, divergent from Fachin’s vote, reproduced the arguments already used and reinforced by those who cowardly cling to the ‘time frame’ to continue their robbery of Indigenous lands and lives!

Repeating arguments from the most backward sectors of agribusiness, like a copy and paste of the ruralists’ petitions, Minister Nunes Marques presented his vote in favor of the thesis of the ‘time frame’ for the demarcation of Indigenous lands, saying that without it, ‘national sovereignty’ and ‘social pacification’ would be at risk.

Nunes Marques recognizes that Indigenous law is imprescriptible, but applies the ‘time frame’, giving amnesty for crimes perpetrated against Indigenous peoples – A monstrous vote!

We have been resisting for over 500 years.

‘They ripped off our leaves

broke our branches

cut our trunks

But they forgot to pull out our roots’

And today we are here fighting for life. They still don’t understand it. 

But it is true that Indigenous peoples are in danger of disappearing!

Please remain attentive and mobilized!»

«Indigenous Rights are at risk in Brazil, as never before in history. Indigenous Peoples are now being persecuted in our country by a president who articulates the total dismantling of our Rights.»                  – Emerson Pataxó

One of the best ways to help preserve the Amazon Rainforest is to directly help the Indigenous peoples who are protecting it!

Please join me in supporting the Apib, the Articulation of Indigenous Peoples of Brazil.
They do far more than just petition governments who are benefitting financially from the ongoing destruction. Apib is assisting Indigenous communities address ongoing health issues and they, along with Indigenous lawyers, are taking the Brazilian government to court!
Apib informs us that the Indigenous mobilizations during the month of April are confirmed. The biggest mobilization, the Acampamento Terra Livre (the Liberate Our Land camp), is scheduled to take place between the 4th and 8th of April 2022, in Brasília, in the Federal District.  Let’s Demarcate Brasilia!

Here’s additional information about the Apib in English, Portuguese and Spanish:

https://apiboficial.org/apib/?lang=en

and here:

https://apiboficial.org/sobre/?lang=en

Please donate here if you’d like to:

https://apiboficial.org/apoie/?lang=en

About Barbara Crane Navarro - Rainforest Art Project

I'm a French artist living near Paris. From 1968 to 1973 I studied at Rhode Island School of Design in Providence, Rhode Island, then at the San Francisco Art Institute in San Francisco, California, for my BFA. My work for many decades has been informed and inspired by time spent with indigenous communities. Various study trips devoted to the exploration of techniques and natural pigments took me originally to the Dogon of Mali, West Africa, and subsequently to Yanomami communities in Venezuela and Brazil. Over many years, during the winters, I studied the techniques of traditional Bogolan painting. Hand woven fabric is dyed with boiled bark from the Wolo tree or crushed leaves from other trees, then painted with mud from the Niger river which oxidizes in contact with the dye. Through the Dogon and the Yanomami, my interest in the multiplicity of techniques and supports for aesthetic expression influenced my artistic practice. The voyages to the Amazon Rainforest have informed several series of paintings created while living among the Yanomami. The support used is roughly woven canvas prepared with acrylic medium then textured with a mixture of sand from the river bank and lava. This supple canvas is then rolled and transported on expeditions into the forest. They are then painted using a mixture of acrylic colors and Achiote and Genipap, the vegetal pigments used by the Yanomami for their ritual body paintings and on practical and shamanic implements. My concern for the ongoing devastation of the Amazon Rainforest has inspired my films and installation projects. Since 2005, I've created a perfomance and film project - Fire Sculpture - to bring urgent attention to Rainforest issues. To protest against the continuing destruction, I've publicly set fire to my totemic sculptures. These burning sculptures symbolize the degradation of nature and the annihilation of indigenous cultures that depend on the forest for their survival.
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2 Responses to Brazil’s Congress is accelerating a genocidal ‘death package’ bill, PL191, in order to open Indigenous lands to mining – an activity that’s banned in the Constitution. According to Indigenous leaders, «It will destroy our forest and contaminate the animals and fish and our sacred soil and waters.» Indigenous peoples protested in front of the STF (Supreme Federal Court) in Brasilia calling on the lawmakers: «Don’t legalize the theft of our land and the death of our children!»

  1. Pingback: Brazil’s Congress is accelerating a genocidal ‘death package’ bill, PL191, in order to open Indigenous lands to mining – an activity that’s banned in… | Ned Hamson's Second Line View of the News

  2. Pingback: Brazil’s Congress is accelerating a genocidal ‘death package’ bill, PL191, in order to open Indigenous lands to mining – an activity that’s banned in the Constitution. According to Indigenous leaders, «It will destroy our forest and contaminate

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